Author(s): Isaji T, Gu J, Nishiuchi R, Zhao Y, Takahashi M,
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Abstract The enzyme beta1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) catalyzes the addition of a bisecting GlcNAc residue to glycoproteins, resulting in a modulation in biological function. Our previous studies showed that the transfection of the GnT-III gene into B16 melanoma cells results in a suppression of invasive ability and lung colonization. The suppression has been postulated to be due to an increased level of E-cadherin expression on the cell surface, which in turn leads to the up-regulation of cell-cell adhesion. In this study, we report on the effects of overexpression of GnT-III on cell-matrix adhesion. The overexpression of GnT-III, but not that of an enzymatic inactive GnT-III (D323A), inhibits cell spreading and migration on fibronectin, a specific ligand for integrin alpha(5)beta(1), and the focal adhesion kinase phosphorylation. E(4)-PHA lectin blot analyses showed that the levels of bisecting GlcNAc structures on the integrin alpha(5) subunit as well as alpha(2) and alpha(3) subunits immunoprecipitated from GnT-III transfectants were substantially increased. In addition, the affinity of the binding of integrin alpha(5)beta(1) to fibronectin was significantly reduced by the introduction of the bisecting GlcNAc, to the alpha(5) subunit. These findings suggest that the modification of N-glycan of integrin by GnT-III inhibits its ligand binding ability, subsequently leading to the down-regulation of integrin-mediated signaling.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics