Author(s): Yoshida GJ, Saya H
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Abstract Cancer stem-like cells express high amount of CD44 variant8-10 which protects cancer cells from redox stress. We have demonstrated by immunohistochemical analysis and Western blotting, and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, that CD44 variant8-10 and c-Myc tend to show the inversed expression manner in gastric cancer cells. That is attributable to the oxidative stress-induced canonical Wnt activation, and furthermore, the up-regulation of the downstream molecules, one of which is oncogenic c-Myc, is not easily to occur in CD44 variant-positive cancer cells. We have also found out that CD44v8-10 expression is associated with the turn-over of the c-Myc with the experiments using gastric cancer cell lines. This cannot be simply explained by the model of oxidative stress-induced Wnt activation. CD44v8-10-positive cancer cells are enriched at the invasive front. Tumor tissue at the invasive area is considered to be composed of heterogeneous cellular population; dormant cancer stem-like cells with CD44v8-10 (high)/ Fbw7 (high)/ c-Myc (low) and proliferative cancer stem-like cells with CD44v8-10 (high)/ Fbw7 (low)/ c-Myc (high). Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology