alexa Investigation of an allergen adsorption on amine- and acid-terminated thiol layers: influence on their affinity to specific antibodies.

Journal of Clinical Diabetes & Practice

Author(s): Thbault P, Boujday S, Snchal H, Pradier CM

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Abstract This work describes the controlled immobilization of a recognized allergen, beta-lactoglobulin, onto gold transducers with the aim of optimizing the elaboration of a biosensor directed against allergen-produced antibodies. This protein was immobilized on both amine- and acid-terminated thiol self-assembled monolayers, and the influence on its affinity to a specific IgG was investigated. For amine-terminated layers, the beta-lactoglobulin was immobilized via its surface acid functions implying an activation step with 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl]carbodiimide hydrochloride/ester of N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC-NHS). Conversely, the grafting on acid-terminated layer takes advantage of the accessible amine groups that react with the activated acidalkylthiols. The resulting layers of beta-lactoglobulin were then submitted to various concentrations of rabbit serum containing beta-lactoglobulin specific rabbit immunoglobulin (rIgG), and the antigen/antibody affinity was evaluated using modulated polarization-infrared absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS) and Fourier transform surface plasmon resonance (FT-SPR). Even though for similar concentration, the amount of adsorbed beta-lactoglobulin was identical on both surfaces, atomic force microscopy (AFM) images showed a better dispersion for amine-terminated layers. Moreover, the affinity to specific IgG, estimated under static conditions by PM-IRRAS and under dynamic conditions by SPR, was different. Grafting beta-lactoglobulin via its acid groups gave an affinity constant 3 times higher than its immobilization via its amine groups despite the fact that the amount of accessible recognition sites appeared to be similar for both systems. This work underlines the importance of the involved chemical groups upon protein immobilization on their biological activity and will be essential for the construction of nondirect biosensors for detecting specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) of allergens.
This article was published in J Phys Chem B and referenced in Journal of Clinical Diabetes & Practice

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