alexa Investigation of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and DNA-protective properties of eugenol in thioacetamide-induced liver injury in rats.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Yogalakshmi B, Viswanathan P, Anuradha CV

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Abstract The present study investigated the preventive effect of eugenol, a naturally occurring food flavouring agent on thioacetamide (TA)-induced hepatic injury in rats. Adult male Wistar rats of body weight 150-180 g were used for the study. Eugenol (10.7 mg/kg b.w./day) was administered to rats by oral intubation for 15 days. TA was administered (300 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) for the last 2 days at 24h interval and the rats were sacrificed on the 16th day. Markers of liver injury (aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transferase and bilirubin), inflammation (myeloperoxidase, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6), oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation indices, protein carbonyl and antioxidant status) and cytochrome P4502E1 activity were assessed. Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and the extent of DNA damage were analyzed using immunoblotting and comet assay, respectively. Liver injury and collagen accumulation were assessed using histological studies by hematoxylin and eosin and Masson trichrome staining. Rats exposed to TA alone showed increased activities of hepatocellular enzymes in plasma, lipid peroxidation indices, inflammatory markers and pro-inflammatory cytokines and decreased antioxidant status in circulation and liver. Hepatic injury and necrosis were also evidenced by histology. Eugenol pretreatment prevented liver injury by decreasing CYP2E1 activity, lipid peroxidation indices, protein oxidation and inflammatory markers and by improving the antioxidant status. Single-cell gel electrophoresis revealed that eugenol pretreatment prevented DNA strand break induced by TA. Increased expression of COX-2 gene induced by TA was also abolished by eugenol. These findings suggest that eugenol curtails the toxic effects of TA in liver. (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Toxicology and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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