Author(s): Kozumplik O, Juki V, Goreta M
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Abstract AIM: To analyze data on the practice of involuntary hospitalizations of patients with mental disorders in Vrapce Psychiatric Hospital from January 1, 1998, when the Law on Protection of Persons with Mental Disorders came into power, to December 31, 2002; with particular reference to the changes and supplements to the Law on December 1999. METHOD: The data on patient's sex, age, and diagnosis were collected from the medical records. Patients were diagnosed according to ICD-10 criteria. When a patient had two or more diagnoses, he or she was placed in category of the primary diagnosis. Results were statistically analyzed by descriptive statistics and chi-square test. Statistical significance was set to p<0.01. RESULTS: The rate of involuntarily hospitalized patients increased by significantly from 1998 to 1999 (from 30.8\% to 39.6\%; p<0.01, chi square test). This rate decreased to 5.6\% in 2000 (p<0.01), and continued to decrease in 2002 (3.5\%). There was no difference between involuntarily hospitalized patients regarding sex in 1998 (p=0.302) and 1999 (p=0.136). Men were significantly more often involuntarily hospitalized than women in 2000, 2001, and 2002 (p<0.01). Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders were the most common diagnoses among involuntarily hospitalized patients in each of the observed years. CONCLUSION: Changes and supplements to the Law on Protection of Persons with Mental Disorders from December 1999, which abolished the necessity for a written consent for hospitalization and the necessity for prescribed procedure of hospitalized persons who were mentally incompetent to consent for hospitalization, led to significant decrease in the number of involuntary hospitalizations.
This article was published in Croat Med J
and referenced in International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology