Author(s): Nomura M, Matsunami T, Kobayashi K, Uchibayashi T, Koshida K,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract In this study, the involvement of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters in in vitro chemosensitivity of surgically removed human renal cell carcinomas was investigated. The relative expression levels of transporter mRNAs in the renal tumors from 13 patients were similar to those in the surrounding normal kidney tissues. Five renal cell carcinomas cultured successfully in vitro for 14 days showed significantly decreased expression of multi-drug resistance-associated proteins 2 and 6 (MRP2 and MRP6) mRNAs. In vitro chemosensitivity testing of the same specimens using the collagen-gel matrix assay indicated that some anticancer drugs were effective, especially cisplatin, which is an MRP2 substrate. MRP2 mRNA expression in renal carcinoma was significantly increased when cells were cultured in the presence of conjugated bilirubin. In an established renal proximal tubule epithelial cell line (RPTEC), conjugated bilirubin increased MRP2 expression at the mRNA and protein levels, and decreased the cisplatin sensitivity of the cells. These results indicate that MRP2 expression in renal cell carcinoma may be regulated by conjugated bilirubin in the body and decreased during in vitro culture. Thus, the effectiveness of anticancer drugs selected on the basis of in vitro chemosensitivity testing of clinical cancers may be overestimated.
This article was published in Anticancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Integrative Oncology