alexa Involvement of antibody-dependent apoptosis in graft rejection.
Surgery

Surgery

Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

Author(s): Plissonnier D, Henaff M, Poncet P, Paris E, Tron F,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Both humoral factors and apoptosis have been recently suggested to play a role in chronic allograft rejection. However, a link between alloantibodies and grafted cell apoptosis has never been proposed. Using the aortic allograft model in the rat, we have previously demonstrated the presence of IgG associated with the disappearance of donor endothelial and medial smooth muscle cells. In the present study, we tested the interaction between recipient allosera, enriched with antibodies by presensitization, and primary culture of cardiovascular cells of donor origin. METHODS: For this purpose endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, adventitial fibroblasts, and cardiac myocytes of donor origin were cultured. Binding of alloantisera to these cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. Apoptosis of donor cells was evaluated by Tdt-mediated d' UTP-FITC nick end labeling, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and DNA ladder techniques. The alloantisera were compared with anti-MHC class I monoclonal antibodies. Finally the colocalization of antibodies and apoptosis was investigated in vivo. RESULTS: In vitro, alloantisera bind to cardiovascular cells of donor origin. These cells expressed MHC class I but not MHC class II. There was a partial competition between anti-MHC I mouse monoclonal antibody and alloantisera mainly of the IgG isotype. Alloantisera bound to, but did not induce lysis of, donor RBC. Alloantisera induced apoptosis of donor cardiovascular cells as assessed by the typical morphological aspect of the donor cells after 24 hr of incubation. These data were confirmed by the Tdt-mediated d' UTP-FITC nick end labeling positivity of the cells and the fragmentation of the nucleus visualized by 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and DNA ladder techniques. Similar apoptosis was induced by specific monoclonal antibodies directed against the MHC class I of donor cells. Primary culture of similar vascular cells of recipient origin was insensitive to alloantisera directed against donor alloantigens. Finally, in vivo, using allopresentization and aortic allografts, an association of alloantibody binding and endothelial cell apoptosis was observed at day 5, and a similar association with smooth muscle cell apoptosis on day 12 after grafting. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate the role of humoral injury in chronic allograft rejection and suggest new therapeutical approaches focused on the induction of resistance to antibody-dependent apoptosis.
This article was published in Transplantation and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords