alexa Involvement of branched-chain amino acid aminotransferases in the production of fusel alcohols during fermentation in yeast.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Applied Microbiology: Open Access

Author(s): Eden A, Van Nedervelde L, Drukker M, Benvenisty N, Debourg A

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Abstract Organoleptic compounds produced by yeast during the fermentation of wort have a great impact on beer smell and taste. Among them, fusel alcohols are the major abundant volatile compounds. The availability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants in which the genes coding for the two branched-chain amino acid aminotransferases have been deleted offers the possibility of further defining the role of these enzymes in the formation of higher alcohols. Comparing the production profiles of different strains, it is clear that they are not all influenced in the same way by branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase mutations. First of all, as propanol is synthesised from alpha-ketobutyrate, the first metabolic intermediate in the anabolic pathway of isoleucine, neither the eca39 nor eca40 mutations have any effect on the production of this higher alcohol. On the other hand, it can be concluded that the eca40 mutation has a drastic effect on the production of isobutanol. To a certain extent, the same conclusion can be made for the production of active amyl alcohol and isoamyl alcohol, although the results suggest that another route could lead to the formation of these two higher alcohols.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol and referenced in Applied Microbiology: Open Access

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