Author(s): Needham GR, Sauer JR
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Abstract Catecholamine-stimulated salivary fluid secretion (in vitro) by ixodid ticks is reduced by deletion or lowering the concentration of exogenous bathing medium Ca++. The Ca++ antagonist, verapamil, reversibly inhibits dopamine-stimulated secretion. Ionophore A-23187 is unable to induce glands to secrete. Studies in which labeled and unlabeled Ca++ flux were measured indicate that catecholamines induce release of calcium from intracellular stores during secretion. Cyclic AMP/theophylline-stimulated secretion is inhibited by verapamil, and the exclusion of calcium from the support medium. It is concluded that the primary catecholamine stimulus induces cyclic AMP formation and mobilization of Ca++ (intra- and extracellular). Cyclic AMP and calcium are thought to interact to control secretion within the fluid transporting cells of types II and III alveoli.
This article was published in J Parasitol
and referenced in Air & Water Borne Diseases