Author(s): Bozani D, Bocina I, SaragaBabi M
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Abstract The spatial and temporal distribution of nestin, cytokeratins (CKs), vimentin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), neurofilaments (NFs), beta-tubulin as well as fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGF-Rbeta) were investigated in the developing human eye in eight conceptuses of 5-9 postovulatory weeks using immunostaining. Nestin was found in the neuroglial precursors and the radial glial fibres of the optic nerve. In the pigmented retina, nestin was present only in the 5th week, while at later stages (6-9th week), co-expression of CKs and vimentin was seen. Nestin, CKs, vimentin, and GFAP were observed in the precursors to various cell types in the neural retina. Additionally, their expression was also apparent in the lens epithelium, showing its gradual fading following the lens fibre elongation. They appeared in the mesenchymal cells of the cornea, the choroid, the sclera, and the corpus vitreum, too. In the corneal epithelium, co-expression of nestin and CKs was detected. NFs and beta-tubulin were confined to the differentiating retinal neuroblasts. Growth factor receptors were seen in the retina, the lens epithelium while less intensely in the lens fibres, the corneal epithelium, and the mesenchymal cells. During the early eye development (5-9th week), IFs expressing normal pattern of distribution as well as acting in concert might contribute to the normal developmental processes occurring in certain parts of the human eye. Additionally, NFs and beta-tubulin seem to have an important role in the retinal ganglion cell differentiation, while FGFRs and PDGF-Rbeta may regulate the cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival in various parts of the developing eye.
This article was published in Anat Embryol (Berl)
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology