alexa Involvement of Fas system and active caspases in apoptotic signalling in testicular germ cells of ethanol-treated rats.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Eid NA, Shibata MA, Ito Y, Kusakabe K, Hammad H,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The Fas system is involved in the regulation of germ cell apoptosis associated with testicular injury in experimental animals exposed to various insults. We tested the hypothesis that enhanced germ cell apoptosis mediated by the up-regulation of the Fas system and the activation of caspases may be involved in ethanol-induced testicular injury. Adult Wistar rats were fed either ethanol in Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet or an isocaloric control diet for 12 weeks. Marked Sertoli cell vacuolization and germ cell degeneration were observed in the testes of ethanol-treated rats (ETR) by both light and electron microscopy. Enhanced apoptosis of germ cells in ETR was detected by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxy-UTP nick end labelling (TUNEL) method, transmission electron microscopy, and was associated with elevated activity of caspase-3, -8 and -9. The expression levels of the Fas ligand (FasL) in Sertoli cells and of both Fas and caspase-3 in germ cells of ETR detected immunohistochemically were higher than those of the control testes. Furthermore, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated an increase in both Fas and FasL mRNA levels in ETR. Fas system up-regulation and the elevated activity of caspases in the testes of ETR may be a reflection of ethanol-induced testicular injury resulting in enhanced germ cells apoptosis, which may be involved in infertility associated with alcohol abuse.
This article was published in Int J Androl and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords