alexa Involvement of human polynucleotide kinase in double-strand break repair by non-homologous end joining.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Chappell C, Hanakahi LA, KarimiBusheri F, Weinfeld M, West SC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The efficient repair of double-strand breaks (DSBs) in DNA is critical for the maintenance of genome stability. In mammalian cells, repair can occur by homologous recombination or by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ). DNA breaks caused by reactive oxygen or ionizing radiation often contain non- conventional end groups that must be processed to restore the ligatable 3'-OH and 5'-phosphate moieties which are necessary for efficient repair by NHEJ. Here, using cell-free extracts that efficiently catalyse NHEJ in vitro, we show that human polynucleotide kinase (PNK) promotes phosphate replacement at damaged termini, but only within the context of the NHEJ apparatus. Phosphorylation of terminal 5'-OH groups by PNK was blocked by depletion of the NHEJ factor XRCC4, or by an inactivating mutation in DNA-PK(cs), indicating that the DNA kinase activity in the extract is coupled with active NHEJ processes. Moreover, we find that end-joining activity can be restored to PNK-depleted extracts by addition of human PNK, but not bacteriophage T4 PNK. This work provides the first demonstration of a direct, specific role for human PNK in DSB repair.
This article was published in EMBO J and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords