alexa Involvement of oxidative stress and role of antioxidative defense system in growing rice seedlings exposed to toxic concentrations of aluminum.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Rice Research: Open Access

Author(s): Sharma P, Dubey RS, Sharma P, Dubey RS

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Abstract When seedlings of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivar Pant-12 were raised in sand cultures containing 80 and 160 muM Al(3+) in the medium for 5-20 days, a regular increase in Al(3+) uptake with a concomitant decrease in the length of roots as well as shoots was observed. Al(3+) treatment of 160 muM resulted in increased generation of superoxide anion (O(2) (-)) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), elevated amount of malondialdehyde, soluble protein and oxidized glutathione and decline in the concentrations of thiols (-SH) and ascorbic acid. Among antioxidative enzymes, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD EC 1.15.1.1), guaiacol peroxidase (Guaiacol POX EC 1.11.1.7), ascorbate peroxidase (APX EC 1.11.1.11), monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR EC 1.6.5.4), dehydroascorbate reductase (EC 1.8.5.1) and glutathione reductase (EC 1.6.4.2) increased significantly, whereas the activities of catalase (EC EC 1.11.1.6) and chloroplastic APX declined in 160 muM Al(3+ )stressed seedlings as compared to control seedlings. The results suggest that Al(3+) toxicity is associated with induction of oxidative stress in rice plants and among antioxidative enzymes SOD, Guaiacol POX and cytosolic APX appear to serve as important components of an antioxidative defense mechanism under Al(3+) toxicity. PAGE analysis confirmed the increased activity as well as appearance of new isoenzymes of APX in Al(3+) stressed seedlings. Immunoblot analysis revealed that changes in the activities of APX are due to changes in the amounts of enzyme protein. Similar findings were obtained when the experiments were repeated using another popular rice cv. Malviya-36. This article was published in Plant Cell Rep and referenced in Rice Research: Open Access

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