Author(s): Park JI, Choi HS, Jeong JS, Han JY, Kim IH
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Abstract Hydroxyurea is a differentiation-inducing agent of human erythroleukemia K562 cells. However, the cellular mechanisms by which hydroxyurea exerts its effects on tumor cells, leading to the inhibition of cell growth and the induction of differentiation markers, are largely unknown. This study examined the role of different mitogen-activated protein kinase signal transduction pathways in hydroxyurea-induced erythroid differentiation of K562 cells. Using a panel of anti-extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK), c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 phosphospecific antibodies, we demonstrated that phosphorylation of ERK and JNK is decreased after the treatment of cells with hydroxyurea, whereas phosphorylation of p38 is increased. Moreover, inhibition of ERK activity by PD98059 induced erythroid differentiation, and it acted synergistically with hydroxyurea on hemoglobin synthesis, whereas inhibition of p38 activity by SB203580 inhibited induction of hemoglobin production by hydroxyurea. These findings suggest that the activation of p38 kinase may play important roles in the signal transduction mechanisms of hydroxyurea leading to erythroid differentiation.
This article was published in Cell Growth Differ
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals