alexa Involvement of the olivocochlear bundle in the detection of tones in noise.

Journal of Phonetics & Audiology

Author(s): Micheyl C, Collet L

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Abstract To investigate the involvement of auditory efferents in hearing-in-noise in humans, olivocochlear bundle (OCB) functioning and detection-in-noise abilities were compared in 30 subjects. OCB function was assessed in terms of contralateral attenuation of evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAE): i.e., the reduction in EOAE amplitude elicited by a 30-dB SL contralateral broadband noise. Correspondingly, the detection thresholds for 1- and 2-kHz tone pips embedded in 50-dB SPL broadband noise were measured in the same ear as the EOAEs, successively in the presence and in the absence of a 30-dB SL broadband noise in the opposite ear. The shifts in detection threshold induced by the contralateral stimulation could thus be compared to those in EOAEs. The results indicated significant statistical correlations between the contralateral attenuation of EOAEs and (1) the detection threshold of the 2-kHz signal and (2) the contralaterally induced shift in the 1- and 2-kHz thresholds. Furthermore, the correlation between contralaterally induced reduction of EOAE amplitude and contralaterally induced threshold shift was observed only in the group of subjects who had first performed the detection task in the presence of contralateral stimulation. These results, which suggest that OCB is involved in detection of tones in noise in humans, are discussed in relation to previous physiological and behavioral studies of OCB function.
This article was published in J Acoust Soc Am and referenced in Journal of Phonetics & Audiology

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