Author(s): Sawada M, Hara N, Maeno T
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Abstract The ionic mechanism of the effect of extracellularly ejected recombinant human interleukin-1-beta (rhIL-1) on the membrane of identified neurons R9 and R10 of Aplysia was investigated with voltage-clamp, micropressure-ejection, and ion substitution techniques. Micropressure-ejected rhIL-1 caused a marked hyperpolarization in the unclamped neuron. Clamping the same neuron at its resting potential level (-60 mV) and reejecting rhIL-1 with the same dose produced a slow outward current (I0(IL-1), 20-30 s in duration, 3-5 nA in amplitude) associated with a decrease in input membrane conductance. I0(IL-1) was decreased by depolarization and increased by hyperpolarization. The extrapolated reversal potential of I0(IL-1) was approximately +15 mV. I0(IL-1) was sensitive to changes in the external Na+ concentration but not to changes in K+, Ca2+ and Cl- concentrations, and was resistant to tetraethylammonium (5 mM) and 4-aminopyridine (5 mM). Neither perfusion of the neuron with 50 microM tetrodotoxin nor perfusion with 10 mM Co2+ seawater caused any changes in I0(IL-1). I0(IL-1) was partially reduced by 50 microM ouabain. These results suggest that extracellular IL-1 can induce a slow outward current associated with a decrease in Na+ conductance and the immunomodulator IL-1 can act directly on the nervous system as well as on the immune system.
This article was published in Brain Res
and referenced in Journal of Psychiatry