Author(s): Chae M, Kim K, Park SM, Jang IS, Seo T,
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Abstract Nuclear Factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) is a transcription factor essential to the control of cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, immune response, and inflammation. Constitutive NF-kappaB activation has been observed in a broad variety of solid tumors and hematological malignancies, which suggests that NF-kappaB signaling may perform a critical role in the development of human cancers. Interferon regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2), an antagonistic transcriptional repressor of IRF-1, evidences oncogenic potential, but little is currently known regarding the mechanism underlying the oncogenic activities of IRF-2. In this study, we report that IRF-2 recruits RelA/p65 transcription factors into the nucleus via physical interaction. While the nuclear recruitment of RelA by IRF-2 augments TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB dependent transcription, the N-terminal truncated mutant form of IRF-2 inhibits the nuclear localization of RelA, and thus interferes with NF-kappaB activation. Furthermore, the knockdown of IRF-2 by IRF-2 siRNA attenuates TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB dependent transcription by inhibiting the nuclear localization of RelA. Thus, these results show that IRF-2 regulates NF-kappaB activity via the modulation of NF-kappaB subcellular localization.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy