alexa Iron-deficiency anemia: reexamining the nature and magnitude of the public health problem. Summary: implications for research and programs.
Medicine

Medicine

Family Medicine & Medical Science Research

Author(s): Stoltzfus RJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This paper provides summary judgments about the strength of the evidence that iron deficiency or anemia causes the six functional outcomes that were reviewed in the preceding papers, highlights priority research needs and discusses the implications of these conclusions for advocacy and programs. A significant body of evidence supports a causal relationship between iron deficiency and deficits in work productivity and child development, and between severe anemia and maternal and child mortality. Causal evidence is lacking or contradictory for iron deficiency and low birth weight and infectious disease, and for mild-to-moderate anemia and child or maternal mortality. Future research is required to expand or refine these conclusions. In the meantime, advocacy should focus on the outcomes supported by substantial causal evidence. These causal relationships can be separated into a problem of severe anemia (which causes mortality) and tissue iron deficiency (which causes deficits in work performance and child development). The simple model depicting severe anemia and tissue iron deficiency as distinct but overlapping entities with distinct functional outcomes is presented and may be useful in designing and evaluating programs.
This article was published in J Nutr and referenced in Family Medicine & Medical Science Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords