alexa Is the polarity of relapse recurrence in bipolar-I disorder patients related to serum lithium levels? Results from an empirical study.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Severus WE, Kleindienst N, Evoniuk G, Bowden C

Abstract Share this page

BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence suggests that the polarity of relapse/recurrence (depressive vs. hypomanic/manic/mixed) in bipolar patients on lithium might be related to serum lithium levels. METHODS: Polarity of episodes in 64 bipolar-I patients on lithium monotherapy during a prospective 18-month maintenance trial was predicted from (a) intra-individual oscillations of lithium levels over time and from (b) absolute lithium levels preceding relapse/recurrence. RESULTS: On an individual basis, depressive (vs. hypomanic/manic/mixed) episodes were mostly preceded by lithium levels above the individual means (p<0.001). Relapse/recurrence occurring at lithium levels above the overall mean serum level of 0.66 mmol/l was depressive (not hypomanic/manic/mixed) in most cases (odds-ratio=3.86, p=0.032). Lithium levels before depressive episodes were numerically higher than before hypomanic/manic/mixed episodes (0.769+/-0.242 vs. 0.675+/-0.262 mmol/l, p=0.13). Cox-regression including current lithium levels as time-dependent predictor essentially confirmed these results. LIMITATIONS: As patients were not randomized to specific lithium levels, potential confounders could not be completely ruled out. Furthermore, a closer than monthly assessment of both lithium levels and psychopathology would have been desirable to better understand the interplay between lithium levels and new mood episodes. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that within the currently accepted therapeutic range (0.4-1.1 mmol/l), the relative risk for depressive vs. hypomanic/manic/mixed relapses/recurrences may be associated with higher lithium levels. Therefore, lithium levels at the lower range of the therapeutic spectrum may be sufficient for the optimal prevention of depressive episodes whereas higher lithium levels within this range may be needed for optimal protection against manic/mixed episodes.

This article was published in J Affect Disord. and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Ildiko Molnar
    The role of tissue-specific type 2 5’-deiodinase enzyme activities in Graves’ orbitopathy and systemic sclerosis: a new candidate in thyroid autoimmunity
    PDF Version
  • Ildikó Molnár
    Characteristics of allergy in autoimmune thyroid diseases
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Paul J. Davis
    Nanotetrac targets the thyroid hormone receptor on integrin αvβ3 on tumor cells to promote apoptosis, disorder cell defense pathways and block angiogenesis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • A Martin Gerdes
    Wrong about β-blockers! Wrong about positive inotropes! Wrong about Thyroid Hormone treatment of Heart Failure?
    PDF Version

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords