alexa Islet amyloid, increased A-cells, reduced B-cells and exocrine fibrosis: quantitative changes in the pancreas in type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Clark A, Wells CA, Buley ID, Cruickshank JK, Vanhegan RI,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Morphometric analysis of the endocrine and exocrine pancreas was done on immunoperoxidase stained post-mortem tissue from 15 Type 2 diabetic and 10 age-matched control subjects. Thirteen of the 15 Type 2 diabetic patients had islet amyloid deposits (mean, 6.5\% islet area) in the corpus (body, tail and anterior part of the head) but not in the caput (the "pancreatic polypeptide rich" part of the head) whereas none was seen in control subjects. In the corpus in diabetic subjects, the pancreatic area density of B-cells was decreased by 24\% (p = 0.005) and A-cells increased by 58\% (p less than 0.001) compared with control subjects. The mean A/B-cell ratio increased in the corpus from 0.27 in control subjects to 0.57 in Type 2 diabetic patients. Positive immunoreactivity for the amyloid constituent peptide, Diabetes Associated Peptide, was demonstrated in islet amyloid of diabetic subjects and in B-cells of control and diabetic subjects. The increase in A-cells may contribute to the hyperglucagonaemia and hyperglycaemia of Type 2 diabetes. The impaired insulin secretion in Type 2 diabetes may be due to a decrease in B-cells and to disruption of the islet structure by amyloid. Exocrine fat was similar in the control and diabetic subjects with both groups having more in the corpus than the caput. Diabetic subjects had increased exocrine fibrosis in the corpus region (p less than 0.001), but not in the caput. Exocrine fibrosis may be secondary to disordered islet cell function.
This article was published in Diabetes Res and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords