Author(s): Biegel JA, Rorke LB, Janss AJ, Sutton LN, Parmiter AH
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Abstract We previously reported an i(17q) as a non-random finding in childhood primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) of the central nervous system. In the present study, we describe a two-color interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay for detection of chromosome 17 abnormalities in tumors. Thirty-four PNETs were analyzed by FISH with a series of chromosome 17-specific probes which map to 17p13.3-17q25. The results from the FISH assay were then compared to the karyotypes prepared from the tumors. Ten of the 34 cases demonstrated an i(17q) by FISH and standard cytogenetics. Two PNETs were shown to have an i(17q) by FISH alone, and three additional tumors had deletions of 17p. Thus, a total of 15 of 34 (44\%) of the PNETs in this series had a deletion of 17p. This study confirms and extends our previous reports that an i(17q) is the most common cytogenetic abnormality in PNETs. The interphase FISH assay which we employed will have clinical utility for diagnosis of children with malignant brain tumors, and it may be used for identification of tumors with 17p deletions for molecular studies aimed at identifying disease genes.
This article was published in Genes Chromosomes Cancer
and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics