alexa Isoflurane requirements during combined general epidural anesthesia for major abdominal surgery.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Casati L, FernndezGalinski S, Barrera E, Pol O, Puig MM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We evaluated the effects of bupivacaine on the requirements for thiopental and isoflurane during combined general/epidural anesthesia. Sixty patients scheduled for colon resection were randomly distributed into six groups that received, before the induction of anesthesia, an epidural (T9-10) bolus (8 mL) followed by an infusion (8 mL/h) of saline (Groups 1 and 4), bupivacaine 0.0625\% plus fentanyl 2 microg/mL (Groups 2 and 5), or bupivacaine 0.125\% plus fentanyl 2 microg/mL (Groups 3 and 6). We evaluated the amount of thiopental needed to abolish the eyelid reflex and the percentage of isoflurane required to maintain the bispectral index (BIS) between 50 and 60 (Groups 1-3) or the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) within 20\% of basal values (Groups 4-6). All groups required similar doses of thiopental (5 mg/kg); the time of evaluation, but not epidural treatment, had a significant effect (P < 0.0001) on BIS and MAP. After tracheal intubation, MAP and BIS increased by 18\% and 49\%, respectively (P < 0.05). In the bupivacaine groups, isoflurane requirements similarly decreased by 35\% (P < 0.03). For BIS and MAP, the epidural treatment (P < 0.02) and type of evaluation (P < 0.03) had a significant effect; MAP was lower (P < 0.05) with 0.125\% bupivacaine. We conclude that epidural bupivacaine does not alter the thiopental dose, but it decreases isoflurane requirements by 35\%. This study demonstrates that both doses of bupivacaine and fentanyl induce similar isoflurane-sparing effects. However, patients receiving 0.125\% bupivacaine showed lower values of MAP when compared with controls, and thus bupivacaine 0.0625\% should be favored during combined anesthesia. IMPLICATIONS: In patients undergoing colon resection under combined anesthesia, isoflurane requirements were assessed by changes in blood pressure or bispectral index. Epidural bupivacaine at concentrations of 0.125\% or 0.0625\% (each with 2 mg/mL of fentanyl) induced the same sparing of isoflurane (35\%). The smaller dose produced less hypotension and should be favored.
This article was published in Anesth Analg and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

agriaquaculture@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

biochemjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemistryjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

clinicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineeringjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

nutritionjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

generalscience@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

geneticsmolbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immunomicrobiol@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

nursinghealthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuropsychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

pharmajournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords