Author(s): Kato M, Maeda J
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Abstract A monoester of trehalose linked at the 6-position with mycolic acids (trehalose-6-monomycolate) was isolated from the wax D fraction of virulent human Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and its biochemical action on host-cell mitochondria was studied. Trehalose-6-monomycolate showed a delayed toxicity for mice. The 50\% lethal dose at 2 weeks was 452 mug. It induced in vitro a swelling of mouse liver mitochondria and uncoupled respiration and phosphorylation in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide pathway of the electron transport chain. The site of functional damage was located specifically at coupling site II. Mitochondrial adenosine triphosphatase was slightly stimulated by trehalose-6-monomycolate. These findings indicate that trehalose-6-monomycolate affects mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in a similar manner to, but to a lesser extent than, trehalose-6, 6'-dimycolate (cord factor) of M. tuberculosis.
This article was published in Infect Immun
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation