Author(s): Tsay JT, Oh W, Larson TJ, Jackowski S, Rock CO
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Abstract beta-Ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) synthase III catalyzes the condensation of acetyl-CoA with malonyl-ACP in dissociated (Type II) fatty acid synthase systems. A synthase III mutant was used to localize the structural gene to the 24.5-min region of the Escherichia coli chromosome, and the defective synthase III allele was designated fabH1. The fabH gene was identified on a 1.3-kilobase NruI-HindIII chromosomal DNA fragment (plasmid pWO114) that complemented the enzymatic defect in fabH1 strains. The NruI-HindIII fragment was sequenced and contained a single open reading frame predicted to encode a 33,517-dalton protein with an isoelectric point of 4.85. The fabH sequence contained an Ala-Cys-Ala tripeptide characteristic of condensing enzyme active sites. A T7 expression system showed that the NruI-HindIII fragment directed the synthesis of a single 34,800-dalton protein. This protein was purified and the order of the amino-terminal 30 residues of the protein corresponded exactly to the amino acid structure predicted from the DNA sequence. The purified protein possessed both acetoacetyl-ACP synthase and acetyl-CoA:ACP transacylase activities, and cells harboring plasmid pWO114 overproduced the two activities, supporting the conclusion that a single protein carries out both reactions. Overproduction of synthase III resulted in a significant increase in shorter-chain fatty acids in the membrane phospholipids. These catalytic properties are consistent with the proposed role of synthase III in the initiation of fatty acid synthesis.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics