Author(s): Nakauchi H
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Abstract PURPOSE: Prospective isolation of stem cells is essential to understanding the mechanisms that control their proliferation and differentiation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using 9 monoclonal antibodies and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), we have succeeded in prospectively identifying hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in adult mouse bone marrow. Mouse HSCs were exclusively enriched in CD34 negative, c-Kit Sca-1 Lineage Marker (CD34 KSL) cells representing 0.004\% of bone marrow (BM) mononuclear cells. When single CD34-KSL cells were transplanted individually into a lethally irradiated mouse, 25\% of the recipient mice survived and showed long-term reconstitution of the BM, providing evidence for multipotency and a self-renewal capacity of HSCs. Using a similar approach, we also prospectively identified hepatic stem cells with multilineage differentiation potential and self-renewal capability in the c-Met CD49f c-Kit CD45 Ter119 fraction of cells isolated from day 13.5 fetal mouse liver. On cell transplantation, these cells differentiated into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes. As an alternative to the antibody based stem cell isolation, Hoechst33342 staining is useful. To understand the mechanism responsible for SP phenotype, we performed an expression cloning and identified bcrp-1/ABCG2 gene, a member of ATP binding-cassette (ABC) transporter family. Bcrp-1 is almost exclusively expressed in CD34 KSL cells among blood cells; however their expression in other tissue specific stem cells remains to be studied. CONCLUSION: With the use of FACS and monoclonal antibodies, hematopoietic and liver stem cells were prospectively isolated and characterized. HSCs could also be purified by Hoechst 33342 staining. By expression cloning, we identify bcrp-1/ABCG2 transporter as a molecule responsible for SP phenotype. Elucidation of the physiological role of bcrp-1/ABCG2 in HSCs may provide us with clues to understand the molecular mechanisms of stem cell self-renewal and differentiation.
This article was published in Cornea
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy