alexa Isolation and culture of amelanotic melanocytes from human hair follicles.
Dermatology

Dermatology

Hair Therapy & Transplantation

Author(s): Zhu WY, Zhang RZ, Ma HJ, Wang DG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We report a method to establish amelanotic melanocytes (AMMC) in culture and we investigate the effects of various components in the culture medium. Normal human scalp from cadaver donors was transected 1 mm below the epidermis, and hair follicles in the remaining dermis were isolated by a two-step enzyme treatment. The individual hair follicles were washed exhaustively and suspensions of hair follicle cells were prepared and cultured in Eagle's minimum essential medium supplemented with 12-o-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), cholera toxin and keratinocyte serum-free medium (K-SFM). Geneticin was used to eliminate contaminating fibroblasts. Proliferation of AMMC was observed after addition of TPA and K-SFM including bovine pituitary extract (BPE) into the culture medium. Cell type was determined by staining with monoclonal antibodies, NKI/beteb and HMB-45, which recognize premelanosomal and melanosomal antigens, respectively. The AMMC were also examined using transmission electron microscopy. Treatment with geneticin eliminates the majority of fibroblasts and does not impair the growth of keratinocytes or AMMC. After contaminating fibroblasts and keratinocytes were removed, two distinct cell morphologies remained: (1) large, dendritic and deeply pigmented cells, which did not proliferate and which disappeared by the third passage, and (2) small bipolar cells, which initially were unpigmented and proliferated very rapidly. We observed that TPA at various concentrations stimulated the proliferation of the cells, and at high concentrations could induce the formation of multiple dendrites. K-SFM including BPE accelerated the proliferation of the cells in a dose-dependent manner. After passage 3, almost all cells expressed premelanosomal and melanosomal antigens, recognized by NKI/beteb and HMB-45, respectively. Active mitochondria, abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complexes, ribosomes and melannosomes (predominantly in stages I, II or III with some at stage IV in some AMMC) were observed ultrastructurally in the cytoplasm of the cultured cells. This article was published in Pigment Cell Res and referenced in Hair Therapy & Transplantation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords