Author(s): Rabe T, Mullholland D, van Staden J
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Abstract Vernonia colorata (Compositae) is used throughout Africa for a variety of ailments. This prompted the screening of this plant for biological activity. Previous experiments carried out in our laboratory revealed that the leaves possessed high antibacterial activity. Through conventional chromatographic techniques and bioassay-guided fractionation, the following sesquiterpene lactones were isolated and identified by spectroscopic data; vernolide (1), 11beta, 13-dihydrovernolide (2) and vernodalin (3). Only 2 is a novel compound, although its antibacterial activity is low compared to compounds 1 and 3 which had minimum inhibitory concentrations of 0.1-0.5 mg/ml against Gram-positive bacteria.
This article was published in J Ethnopharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Antimicrobial Agents