Author(s): Luukkainen R, Sivonen K, Namikoshi M, Frdig M, Rinehart KL,
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Abstract Microcystins (cyclic heptapeptide hepatotoxins), isolated from 13 freshwater Oscillatoria agardhii strains from eight different Finnish lakes by high-performance liquid chromatography, were characterized by amino acid analysis, fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry (FABMS), and tandem FABMS (FABMS/collisionary-induced dissociation/MS). All strains produced two to five different microcystins. In total, eight different compounds, of which five were known microcystins, were isolated. The known compounds identified were [D-Asp3]MCYST (microcystin)-LR, [Dha7]MCYST-LR, [D-Asp3]MCYST-RR, [Dha7]MCYST-RR, and [D-Asp3,Dha7]MCYST-RR. This is the first time that isolation of these toxins from Oscillatoria spp., with the exception of [D-Asp3]MCYST-RR, has been reported. Three of the strains produced a new microcystin, and the structure was assigned as [D-Asp3,Mser7]MCYST-RR. The structures of two new microcystins, produced as minor components by one Oscillatoria strain, could not be determined because of the small amounts isolated from the cells. Four strains produced [Dha7]MCYST-RR as the main toxin, but [D-Asp3]MCYST-RR was clearly the most abundant and most frequently occurring toxin among these isolates of O. agardhii.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology