Author(s): Nagata S, Kato J, Sasaki K, Minamino N, Eto T,
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Abstract The renin-angiotensin (RA) system plays an important role in regulating blood pressure and fluid balance. In the search for bioactive peptides with an antibody binding to the N-terminal portion of angiotensin II (Ang II), we isolated a new angiotensinogen-derived peptide from the rat small intestine. Consisting of 12 amino acids, this peptide was termed proangiotensin-12 based on its possible role of an Ang II precursor. Proangiotensin-12 constricted aortic strips and, when infused intravenously, raised blood pressure in rats, while both the vasoconstrictor and pressor response to proangiotensin-12 were abolished by captopril and by CV-11974, an Ang II type I receptor blocker. Proangiotensin-12 is abundant in a wide range of organs and tissues including the small intestine, spleen, kidneys, and liver of rats. The identification of proangiotensin-12 suggests a processing cascade of the RA system, different from the cleavage of angiotensinogen to Ang I by renin.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access