Author(s): Mthing J, Spanbroek R, PeterKatalini J, Hanisch FG, Hanski C,
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Abstract The isolation and structural characterization of fucosylated neolacto-series gangliosides with linear poly-N-acetyllactosaminyl chains from normal human granulocytes is described. Gangliosides were purified by consecutive use of anion exchange HPLC on Fractogel TMAE-650(S), adsorption and reversed phase HPLC on Nucleosil 50-7 and Nucleosil 7C18 columns, respectively. TLC immunostaining with carbohydrate specific monoclonal antibodies, fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry (FAB-MS) of the permethylated derivatives and gas chromatography-electron impact mass spectrometry (GC-EIMS) of partially methylated alditol acetates were used for structure elucidations. One ganglioside was identified as sialyl Lewis(x) antigen with nLcOse6Cer core, Neu5-Ac alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-4 (Fuc alpha 1-3)GlcNAc beta 1-3Gal beta 1-4Glc NAc beta 1-3 Gal beta 1-4Glc beta 1-1Cer. Furthermore, monosialylated ceramide deca-, undeca-, dodeca- and tridecasaccharides with three (nLcOse8Cer) and four (nLcOse10Cer) linear lactosaminyl repeats were identified, carring one to three fucoses. The ceramide portions were found to contain C18 sphingosine and predominantly C16:0 fatty acids. All monosialogangliosides were homogenous concerning their terminal alpha 2-3 Neu5Ac-sialylation, but different in their fucosylation status. Beside VI3Neu5Ac, V3Fuc-nLcOse6Cer, in two of the fucosylated polylactosaminyl ganglioside fractions the sialyl Lewis(x) epitope was found, whereas five species expressed the terminal VIM-2 motif. The role of protein linked sialy Lewis(x) epitope of human granulocytes as a ligand for endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1; E-selectin) and platelet activation-dependent granule external membrane protein (PADGEM; P-selectin) is well documented. However, the involvement of endothelial cells E-and/or P-selectin mediated cell-cell adhesion via lipid bound sialyl Lewis(x) and/or VIM-2 epitopes on human granulocytes has to be proved in further investigations.
This article was published in Glycobiology
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics