Author(s): Joshi T, Iyengar L, Singh K, Garg S
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Abstract A novel bacterial consortium (TJ-1), which could decolorize Acid Orange 7 (AO7) and manyother azo dyes, was developed. In TJ-1 three bacterial strains were identified as Aeromonas caviae, Proteus mirabilis and Rhodococcus globerulus by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. AO7 decolorization was significantly higher with the use of consortium as compared to the use of individual strains, indicating complementary interactions among these strains. AO7 decolorization was observed under microaerophilic condition in the presence of organic carbon source. Either yeast extract (YE) alone or a combination of YE and glucose resulted in much higher decolorization of AO7 as compared to glucose alone, peptone or starch. Kinetic studies with different initial AO7 concentrations showed that more than 90\% decolorization could be achieved even at 200mg/l within 16h. Fed-batch studies showed that AO7 decolorization required 10h during the first cycle and 5h in the second and third cycles, showing that bacterial cells could be used for multiple cycles. The consortium also decolorized fifteen other azo dyes individually as well as a simulated wastewater containing a mixture of all the sixteen azo dyes, thus, conferring the possibility of application of TJ-1 for the treatment of industrial wastewaters.
This article was published in Bioresour Technol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation