alexa Isolation of a unique benzothiophene-desulphurizing bacterium, Gordona sp. strain 213E (NCIMB 40816), and characterization of the desulphurization pathway.


Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics

Author(s): Gilbert SC, Morton J, Buchanan S, Oldfield C, McRoberts A

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Abstract Gordona sp. strain 213E (NCIMB 40816) grew in pure culture in a mineral salts medium containing fructose as a source of carbon and energy, and benzothiophene (BTH) as the sole source of sulphur. During growth a phenolic compound accumulated, as indicated by the production of a blue colour on addition of Gibb's reagent. Therefore this pathway is analogous to the dibenzothiophene (DBT) desulphurization pathway of Rhodococcus sp. strain IGTS8, in which 2-hydroxybiphenyl accumulates during growth with DBT as the sole sulphur source. Ethyl acetate extraction of the culture medium yielded the metabolites benzothiophene s-oxide (BTHO), benzothiophene s,s-dioxide (BTHO2), benzo[c][1,2]oxathiin 6-oxide (BcOTO), 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl) ethan 1-al (HPEal) and benzofuran (BFU). The deduced pathway for BTH desulphurization is BTH-->BTHO-->BTHO2-->HPESi(-)-->HPEal. HPESi- is (Z)-2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)ethen 1-sulphinate, the stable aqueous-solution form of BcOTO. It was concluded that HPEal was the Gibb's-reagent-reactive phenolic compound which accumulated in the culture medium of strain 213E during growth, and that the presence of BFU was due to partial condensation of HPEal during the ethyl acetate extraction procedure. Gordona sp. strain 213E was unable to grow in a mineral salts medium containing fructose as a source of carbon and energy and DBT as the sole sulphur source. BTH-desulphurization-active cells (grown using BTH as sole sulphur source) were unable to desulphurize DBT. Likewise Rhodococcus sp. strain IGTS8 was unable to grow using BTH as the sole sulphur source, and DBT-desulphurization-active cells of strain IGTS8 (grown using DBT as sole sulphur source) were unable to desulphurize BTH. This absence of cross-reactivity is discussed in terms of fundamental differences in the chemistry of the DBT- and BTH-desulphurization reactions. This article was published in Microbiology and referenced in Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics

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