Author(s): MeuserBatista M, Correa JR, Soares MJ, HenriquesPons A
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Abstract Mast cells (MC) secrete diverse pre-stored chemical mediators that are pivotal in inflammatory and fibrotic etiologies, such as Trypanosoma cruzi-induced myocardiopathy. However, due to reduced number of cardiac MC, in situ and in vitro identification, and difficult tissue isolation, these cells are rarely addressed. In this work we optimized the identification of cardiac and peritoneal MC and developed an enzymatic method for MC isolation using control and T. cruzi-infected mice. MC were identified by: toluidine blue (TB); alcian blue (AB)/safranin (S); AB or a mixed solution composed by AB/S/TB. Previous evaluations of cardiac MC in T. cruzi infection were based on TB staining and our results using AB/S/TB solution showed an increase in, at least, five times the detection of MC. This mixed solution may improve the identification of MC populations also from skin, mucosa and tissues that are infected by other pathogens or under the influence of chronic inflammation, leading to more precise results. Furthermore, the appropriate combination of samples (frozen/unfixed/thick slices) and staining protocols can assure the best evaluation of MC. We have also isolated cardiac MC using collagenase and developed a highly efficient 60\%/70\% Percoll-graded protocol that enriched in, at least, 95\% the population of cardiac MC.
This article was published in Tissue Cell
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy