alexa Isolation of multipotent stem cells from adult rat periodontal ligament by neurosphere-forming culture system.



Author(s): Techawattanawisal W, Nakahama K, Komaki M, Abe M, Takagi Y,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Adult multipotent stem cells have been isolated from various non-neural tissues. Here, we report the isolation of multipotent stem cells from rat periodontal ligament (PDL) using neurosphere-forming culture system. Enzymatically dissociated PDL cells were cultured in serum-free basal medium containing EGF, bFGF, and LIF. Free-floating spheres expressing nestin, GFAP, and vimentin were formed by 7 days of the culture. In addition, spheres expressed mRNA of neural crest-associated transcription factors Twist, Slug, Sox2, and Sox9. PDL-derived spheres differentiated into multinucleated myotubes, NFM-positive neuron-like cells, GFAP-positive astrocyte-like cells and CNPase-positive oligodendrocyte-like cells. Methylcellulose colony-forming assay revealed that a single PDL cell could form a sphere at a frequency of approximately 0.01\% of total cells. These data indicate that PDL-derived spheres contained multipotent adult stem cells capable of differentiating into both neural and mesodermal progeny. This is the first report of the isolation of PDL-derived stem cells with primitive neural crest stem cell features. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Dentistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version