Author(s): Xu Y, Kimura K, Matsumoto N, Ide C
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Abstract Neural stem cells were isolated from deceased early postnatal and adult rats with varying post-mortem intervals. Animals were killed by deep anesthesia and stored in a refrigerator at 4 degrees C for 1-6 days before use. Neurospheres were obtained from the forebrain tissue, including the lateral ventricle in the early postnatal rats, and from the striatal wall of lateral ventricle, including the subventricular zone (SVZ) in adult rats. The number of neurospheres obtained in the primary culture from early postnatal animals was much larger than that from the adult rats. There was no significant difference in the population of neurospheres between the living and the deceased animals at least within 2 days after death. A few neurospheres were still obtainable at 6 days after death in early postnatal animals, but almost no neurospheres were obtained at 5 days after death in the adult rats. The differentiation capacity of neural stem cells in neurospheres was similar between the deceased and the living animals. The rich vascular bed in the SVZ of the lateral ventricle suggests that the vascular architecture might be in part responsible for the survival of the neural stem cells in the deceased animals. Neurosphere cells derived from deceased adult rats survived and differentiated mainly into glial cells in the host spinal cord tissue after transplantation into the injured spinal cord. Therefore, the neural stem cells from deceased animals express the same phenotypes as those from living animals in terms of neurosphere formation, proliferation, and differentiation at least 2 days after death. The neural stem cells from cadavers have great significance in terms of their clinical use as homografts for CNS regeneration. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in J Neurosci Res
and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research