Author(s): Segura A, Hurtado A, Rivera B, Lazaroaie MM
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Abstract AIMS: To isolate and characterize new marine bacteria capable of tolerating high concentrations of organic solvents, and to understand the toxic effects of these chemicals on marine bacteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five marine bacteria able to tolerate 0.1\% (v/v) toluene were isolated and characterized on the basis of their growth and survival rates in the presence of different organic solvents. The toluene-tolerant marine bacteria identified in this study could not grow in the presence of 0.1\% (v/v) of several organic solvents with a log P(ow) higher than that of the toluene (which in theory should be less toxic than toluene). The mechanisms underlying solvent tolerance were explored. CONCLUSIONS: Isolates of four different genera were identified as toluene-tolerant. Toxicity of a second phase of an organic solvent toward these isolates could not be predicted on the basis of the solvents' log P(ow). SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: To improve the biodegradation rate of some water-insoluble compounds, double-phase bioreactors can be used. This type of bioreactor will require strains able to grow in a salt-containing environment and able to tolerate a second phase of an organic solvent.
This article was published in J Appl Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation