Author(s): Li L, Singh BR
Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin acts on nerve endings to block acetylcholine release. Binding of the neurotoxin to a membrane receptor through its heavy chain is the first essential step in its mode of toxin action. Type E botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT/E) or type A botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT/A) receptor was purified from rat brain synaptosomes employing a neurotoxin affinity column chromatography. The protein fraction eluted from the affinity column with 0.5 M NaCl contained a 57 kDa protein as a major eluant. Immunoblotting the eluant with anti-synaptotagmin antibodies revealed that the 57 kDa protein was synaptotagmin I. Rat synaptotagmin I has been suggested as the receptor for BoNT/B (Nishiki et al., J. Biol. Chem. 269, 10498-10503, 1994) in rat brain. In this study, binding of BoNT/A and BoNT/E to synaptotagmin I was studied by a microtiter plate-based method. Binding of synaptotagmin I to BoNT/A coated on the plate was competitively reduced upon preincubation of the proteins with BoNT/E, suggesting a competitive binding of BoNT/A and BoNT/E to the receptor. Taken together, these results suggest that the same receptor protein binds to all three BoNT serotypes tested.