Author(s): Norrman K, Slling TI, McMahon TB
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Abstract Mass spectrometry-based methods have been employed in order to study the reactions of non- (h(6)/h(6)), half (d(6)/h(6)), and fully (d(6)/d(6)) deuterium labeled protonated dimers of acetone in the gas phase. Neither kinetic nor thermodynamic isotope effects were found. From MIKES experiments (both spontaneous and collision-induced dissociations), it was found that the relative ion yield (m/z 65 vs m/z 59) from the dissociation reaction of half deuterium labeled (d(6)/h(6)) protonated dimer of acetone is dependent on the internal energy. A relative ion yield (m/z 65 vs m/z 59) close to unity is observed for cold, nonactivated, metastable ions, whereas the ion yield is observed to increase (favoring m/z 65) when the pressure of the collision gas is increased. This is in striking contrast to what would be expected if a kinetic isotope effect were present. A combined study of the kinetics and the thermodynamics of the association reaction between acetone and protonated acetone implicates the presence of at least two isomeric adducts. We have employed G3(MP2) theory to map the potential energy surface leading from the reactants, acetone and protonated acetone, to the various isomeric adducts. The proton-bound dimer of acetone was found to be the lowest-energy isomer, and protonated diacetone alcohol the next lowest-energy isomer. Protonated diacetone alcohol, even though it is an isomer hidden behind many barriers, can possibly account for the observed relative ion yield and its dependence on the mode of activation.
This article was published in J Mass Spectrom
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques