Author(s): Patrono C, FitzGerald GA
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Abstract Isoprostanes are emerging as a new class of biologically active products of arachidonic acid metabolism of potential relevance to human vascular disease. Their formation in vivo seems to reflect primarily, if not exclusively, a nonenzymatic process of lipid peroxidation. Enhanced urinary excretion of 8-iso-PGF2 alpha has been described in association with cardiac reperfusion injury and with cardiovascular risk factors, including cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia. Besides providing a likely noninvasive index of lipid peroxidation in these settings, measurements of specific F2 isoprostanes in urine may provide a sensitive biochemical end point for dose-finding studies of natural and synthetic inhibitors of lipid peroxidation. Although the biological effects of 8-iso-PGF2 alpha in vitro suggest that it and other isoeicosanoids may modulate the functional consequences of lipid peroxidation, evidence that this is likely in vivo remains inadequate at this time.
This article was published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol
and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access