Author(s): Bradbury NA, McPherson MA
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Release of [14C]glucosamine-labelled mucins was studied in vitro using well-characterised preparations of rat submandibular acini. Mucin release was stimulated by forskolin, an activator of the catalytic subunit of adenylate cyclase, and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), a cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Both stimulated in a dose-dependent manner to the same maximum as that seen with isoproterenol. Neither forskolin nor IBMX added in the presence of isoproterenol increased secretion above the maximum in response to isoproterenol alone, suggesting a similar mechanism of action, mediated by cyclic AMP. Prior exposure of acini to isoproterenol (10 microM) for 45 min, followed by washout resulted in (a) persistent increase in basal secretion which was abolished by propranolol and (b) reduced stimulation of mucin secretion in response to either a second isoproterenol challenge, noradrenaline or forskolin. Thus, exposure of rat submandibular acini in vitro desensitizes the cells to subsequent stimulation. Although this mimics the decreased beta-adrenergic secretory responses seen in submandibular cells from cystic fibrosis patients, results suggest that the isoproterenol-induced desensitization is at the level of beta-receptor and adenylate cyclase, rather than distal to cyclic AMP.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy