alexa Isothermal in vitro amplification of DNA by a restriction enzyme DNA polymerase system.
General Science

General Science

Research & Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences

Author(s): Walker GT, Little MC, Nadeau JG, Shank DD, Walker GT, Little MC, Nadeau JG, Shank DD, Walker GT, Little MC, Nadeau JG, Shank DD, Walker GT, Little MC, Nadeau JG, Shank DD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract An isothermal in vitro DNA amplification method was developed based upon the following sequence of reaction events. Restriction enzyme cleavage and subsequent heat denaturation of a DNA sample generates two single-stranded target DNA fragments (T1 and T2). Present in excess are two DNA amplification primers (P1 and P2). The 3' end of P1 binds to the 3' end of T1, forming a duplex with 5' overhangs. Likewise, P2 binds to T2. The 5' overhangs of P1 and P2 contain a recognition sequence (5'-GTTGAC-3') for the restriction enzyme HincII. An exonuclease-deficient form of the large fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I (exo- Klenow polymerase) [Derbyshire, V., Freemont, P. S., Sanderson, M. R., Beese, L., Friedman, J. M., Joyce, C. M. & Steitz, T. A. (1988) Science 240, 199-201] extends the 3' ends of the duplexes using dGTP, dCTP, TTP, and deoxyadenosine 5'-[alpha-thio]triphosphate, which produces hemiphosphorothioate recognition sites on P1.T1 and P2.T2. HincII nicks the unprotected primer strands of the hemiphosphorothioate recognition sites, leaving intact the modified complementary strands. The exo- Klenow polymerase extends the 3' end at the nick on P1.T1 and displaces the downstream strand that is functionally equivalent to T2. Likewise, extension at the nick on P2.T2 results in displacement of a downstream strand functionally equivalent to T1. Nicking and polymerization/displacement steps cycle continuously on P1.T1 and P2.T2 because extension at a nick regenerates a nickable HincII recognition site. Target amplification is exponential because strands displaced from P1.T1 serve as targets for P2 and strands displaced from P2.T2 serve as targets for P1. A 10(6)-fold amplification of a genomic sequence from Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Mycobacterium bovis was achieved in 4 h at 37 degrees C.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • R. K. Pandey
    Community oriented integrated ecosystem approach for conservation and sustainable management of forest genetic resources: Challenges in biodiversity conservation in natural tropical forests of India
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords