Author(s): Liang S, Guo X, Feng N, Tian Q
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Abstract Orange peel (OP) was used as raw material to prepare two novel adsorbents: MgOP (Mg(2+) type orange peel adsorbent) and KOP (K(+) type orange peel adsorbent). FTIR and SEM were used to characterize the adsorbents. Effects of pH, solid/liquid ratio, time and metal ion concentration on the Cu(2+) adsorption by these two adsorbents were investigated. The isotherms data were analyzed using the Langmuir, Freudlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich models. Langmuir model provides the best correlation for the adsorption of Cu(2+) by both MgOP and KOP, and the mono-layer adsorption capacity for Cu(2+) removal by MgOP and KOP are 40.37 and 59.77 mg/g, respectively. The adsorbed amounts of Cu(2+) increased with the increase in contact time and reached equilibrium within 20 min. The kinetics data were analyzed using four adsorption kinetic models: the pseudo-first and second-order equations, the Elovich equation and intraparticle diffusion equation. Results show that the pseudo-second-order equation fits the experimental data very well. Thermodynamic studies showed the spontaneous and exothermic nature of the adsorption of Cu(2+) by MgOP and KOP.
This article was published in J Hazard Mater
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques