Author(s): Niu D, Sui J, Zhang J, Feng H, Chen WN
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Abstract The development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is believed to be associated with multiple risk factors, including the infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Based on the analysis of individual genes, evidence has indicated the association between HCC and HBV and has also been expanded to epigenetic regulation, with an involvement of HBV in the DNA methylation of the promoter of cellular target genes leading to changes in their expression. Proteomic study has been widely used to map a comprehensive protein profile, which in turn could provide a better understanding of underlying mechanisms of disease onset. In the present study, we performed a proteomic profiling by using iTRAQ-coupled 2-D LC/MS-MS analysis to identify cellular genes down-regulated in HBV-producing HepG2.2.15 cells compared with HepG2 cells. A total of 15 proteins including S100A6 and Annexin A2 were identified by our approach. The significance of these cellular proteins as target of HBV-mediated epigenetic regulation was supported by our validation assays, including their reactivation in cells treated with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor) by real-time RT-PCR and Western blot analysis, as well as the DNA methylation status analysis by bisulfite genome sequencing. Our approach provides a comprehensive analysis of cellular target proteins to HBV-mediated epigenetic regulation and further analysis should facilitate a better understanding of its involvement in HCC development.
This article was published in Proteomics
and referenced in Journal of Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis