Author(s): Solomon P, Draine J, Meyerson A
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The authors' aim was to test the relationship between receipt of desired community mental health services by homeless mentally ill forensic clients and whether the clients returned to jail within six months. METHODS: Mentally ill homeless clients leaving jail were randomly assigned to three service conditions: intensive case management provided by an assertive community treatment team, intensive case management provided by individual case managers, and referral to a community mental health center. Data on whether clients' service needs were met were analyzed using discriminant function and chi square analyses. RESULTS: Thirty-two percent of the 105 clients interviewed at six months were reincarcerated during the six-month study period. Jail recidivism was related to receipt of fewer services that clients reported they needed, specifically to receipt of fewer services for developing independent living skills. Service condition was not significantly related to return to jail. CONCLUSIONS: Case management, a flexible community-based service that does not lend itself to clearly prescribed procedures, may easily deteriorate into providing monitoring rather than rehabilitative services for forensic clients and thus may facilitate reincarceration.
This article was published in Hosp Community Psychiatry
and referenced in Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy