Author(s): Breen DM, Rasmussen BA, Kokorovic A, Wang R, Cheung GW,
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Abstract Gastrointestinal bypass surgeries restore metabolic homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity(1), but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Duodenal-jejunal bypass surgery (DJB), an experimental surgical technique that excludes the duodenum and proximal jejunum from nutrient transit(1,2), lowers glucose concentrations in nonobese type 2 diabetic rats(2–5). Given that DJB redirects and enhances nutrient flow into the jejunum and that jejunal nutrient sensing affects feeding(6,7), the repositioned jejunum after DJB represents a junction at which nutrients could regulate glucose homeostasis. Here we found that intrajejunal nutrient administration lowered endogenous glucose production in normal rats through a gut-brain-liver network in the presence of basal plasma insulin concentrations. Inhibition of jejunal glucose uptake or formation of long chain fatty acyl-coA negated the metabolic effects of glucose or lipid, respectively, in normal rats, and altered the rapid (2 d) glucose-lowering effect induced by DJB in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced uncontrolled diabetic rats during refeeding. Lastly, in insulin-deficient autoimmune type 1 diabetic rats and STZ-induced diabetic rats, DJB lowered glucose concentrations in 2 d independently of changes in plasma insulin concentrations, food intake and body weight. These data unveil a glucoregulatory role of jejunal nutrient sensing and its relevance in the early improvement of glycemic control after DJB in rat models of uncontrolled diabetes.
This article was published in Nat Med
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism