Author(s): Irvine DM, Evans MG
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Abstract A meta-analytic study investigated the causal relationships among job satisfaction, behavioral intentions, and nurse turnover behavior. A theoretical model was proposed in which behavioral intentions were viewed as a direct antecedent to turnover behavior. Job satisfaction was expected to be indirectly related to turnover by virtue of the mediating role of behavioral intentions. Consistent with these expectations, a strong positive relationship was indicated between behavioral intentions and turnover; a strong negative relationship between job satisfaction and behavioral intentions; and a small negative relationship between job satisfaction and turnover. The results of the modifier analysis suggested that effect sizes are fairly robust to differences in study designs, response rates, and methods of measuring job satisfaction, but the manner in which behavioral intentions were operationalized appeared to moderate the relationship between behavioral intentions and turnover and job satisfaction. Of variables related to nursing job satisfaction, work content and work environment had a stronger relationship with job satisfaction than economic or individual difference variables.
This article was published in Nurs Res
and referenced in Journal of Nursing & Care