alexa Jolt accentuation of headache and other clinical signs: poor predictors of meningitis in adults.
Medicine

Medicine

Emergency Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Nakao JH, Jafri FN, Shah K, Newman DH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Jolt accentuation or exacerbation of a baseline headache with horizontal rotation of the neck is a physical finding believed to assess for meningeal irritation. We conducted a prospective observational study of neurologically intact emergency department (ED) patients undergoing lumbar puncture in 2 inner city academic EDs to validate the sensitivity and specificity of jolt accentuation and to assess the sensitivity and specificity of Kernig sign, Brudzinski sign, and nuchal rigidity, in predicting cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis in individuals being assessed for meningitis. Adult patients 18 years and older undergoing lumbar puncture between 2006 and 2009 were approached for consent. Exclusions included inability to consent and altered mental status. Physicians were asked to answer a questionnaire of physical examination findings before receiving CSF results. The primary outcome was the presence or absence of pleocytosis, defined as greater than or equal to 5 cells/high-power field in the fourth CSF tube. We calculated descriptive statistics and tests of diagnostic accuracy. A total of 230 patients consented for participation and had CSF white blood cell counts recorded. Forty-seven individuals (20\%) had pleocytosis. A total of 197 patients had headache and were, hence, eligible for jolt accentuation assessment. For pleocytosis, the sensitivity of jolt accentuation was 21\%, Kernig sign was 2\%, Brudzinski sign was 2\%, and nuchal rigidity was 13\%. The specificity of jolt accentuation was 82\%, Kernig sign was 97\%, Brudzinski sign was 98\%, and nuchal rigidity was 80\%. Jolt accentuation in our cohort was poorly predictive of pleocytosis and insensitive. The presence of Kernig sign, Brudzinski sign, or nuchal rigidity has moderate positive but no negative predictive value for pleocytosis. © 2013. This article was published in Am J Emerg Med and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords