Author(s): Odetallah NH, Wang JJ, Garlich JD, Shih JC
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Abstract The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of a broad-spectrum protease enzyme, PWD-1 keratinase, upon supplementation to corn-soy starter diets on growth performance of broiler chickens. Three experiments were conducted. In each experiment, 1-d-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 24 cage pens of eight birds per pen in a completely randomized design of five experimental treatments and grown to 21 or 26 d of age. Treatments in experiments 1 and 2 were control (C, 21.39\% CP), low protein (LP, 18\% CP), and LP supplemented with 0.05, 0.1, or 0.15\% enzyme preparation (wt/wt). Treatments in experiment 3 were control (C), C+ 0.1\% enzyme preparation (C+E) fed starting at either 1 or 5 d of age, LP and LP+ 0.1\% enzyme preparation (LP+E). Feeding the LP+E diet produced numerically higher BW at 21 d of age (experiments 1 and 3) and a significantly higher BW at 26 d of age (experiment 2; 1,025 and 1,032 g vs. 965 g for 0.1 and 0.15\% vs. LP, respectively, P < 0.05). Feed conversion ratio (FCR) was also improved when chicks were fed the LP+E diet both at 21 (experiment 3) and 26 d of age (experiment 2). In experiment 3, supplementing the C diets with 0.10\% enzyme resulted in improvements (P < 0.05) in BW whether the enzyme was supplemented starting at 1 d (767 vs. 695 g for C+E vs. C, respectively) or 5 d of age (764 vs. 695 g for C+E vs. C, respectively). FCR was numerically improved. Furthermore, diets supplemented with the enzyme at any level resulted in reduction of jejunal viscosity at 22 and 27 d of age (P < 0.05). Results of these experiments indicate that the growth of broiler chickens can be significantly improved by dietary supplementation with PWD-1 keratinase.
This article was published in Poult Sci
and referenced in Fungal Genomics & Biology