Author(s): Heikkinen AM, Broms U, Pitkniemi J, Koskenvuo M, Meurman J
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Abstract The authors aimed to investigate factors associated with smoking cessation among adolescents after tobacco intervention. They examined smokers (n = 127) from one birth cohort (n = 545) in the city of Kotka in Finland. These smokers were randomized in 3 intervention groups the dentist (n = 44) and the school nurse (n = 42 groups), and a control group (n = 39). After 2 months, the authors sent a follow-up questionnaire to the initial smokers to find out who had quit.The authors found that those whose best friend was a nonsmoker were more likely to stop smoking (relative risk RR 7.0 95\% Cl 4.6-10.7). Moreover, the nicotine-dependent participants (measured according to the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence(36)) were less likely to stop (RR 0.1 95\% Cl 0.08-0.11) compared to non-nicotine dependent participants. Last, of the diurnal types, the morning types found it easier to quit smoking than the evening types (RR 2.2 95\% Cl 1.4-3.6). Thus, the authors concluded that the best friend''s influence, nicotine dependence, and diurnal type could be taken more into account in individual counseling on smoking cessation.
This article was published in Behav Med
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy