Author(s): JosimovicAlasevic O, Drkop H, Schwarting R, Back E, Stein H,
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Abstract An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has been developed that allows the quantitative determination of the Ki-1 (CD30) antigen in soluble form. Similar levels of sensitivity of this new Ki-1 ELISA and the ELISA previously described for measuring the soluble 55-kDa chain of the interleukin 2 receptor were seen. As assessed with this ELISA, the investigated Ki-1+ permanent cell lines released the Ki-1 antigen into the culture supernatant. In culture supernatants of concanavalin A-activated human peripheral blood lymphocytes, however, this antigen could not be detected. The released Ki-1 antigen has an apparent molecular weight (Mr) of 85,000, whereas the cell-associated Ki-1 antigen has an Mr of 105,000. We investigated sera from 30 normal donors, 15 patients with systemic infections, and 63 patients suffering from lymphomas for soluble Ki-1 antigen. In all sera from normal donors and patients with systemic infectious diseases, soluble Ki-1 antigen was below the detection limit (i.e., less than 70 pg). In contrast, high amounts of the soluble Ki-1 antigen were found in sera from 18 malignant lymphomas containing Ki-1+ tumor cells. This finding demonstrates that the release of the Ki-1 antigen takes place not only in vitro, but in vivo as well. Moreover, these results imply that the Ki-1 antigen may be used as a serum tumor marker.
This article was published in Eur J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology